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World Journal of Emergency Medicine (WJEM, ISSN 1920-8642) is the official publication of the Emergency Medicine Society of Chinese Medical Association. WJEM, a peer-reviewed quarterly journal based at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, China, publishes articles of interest to both clinicians and researchers involving emergency medicine around world. It focuses on content relevant to clinical practice and research, laboratory studies, continuing medical education about emergency medicine.

Editorial requirements

Editors of WJEM will review manuscripts with the understanding that they are being submitted only to WJEM and have not been published, simultaneously submitted, or already accepted for publication elsewhere. This does not preclude consideration of a manuscript that has been rejected by another journal or of a complete report that follows publication of preliminary findings elsewhere, usually in the form of an abstract. Copies of any possibly duplicative published material should be submitted with the manuscript that is being sent for consideration. WJEM will not consider manuscripts that have appeared, in part or in total, in other publications. It is the corresponding author’s responsibility to complete, sign and submit on behalf of all authors the declaration form stating that the submitted manuscript complies with the above requirements. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. This participation must include: (1) Conception, design, or analysis and interpretation of data, or both; (2) Drafting the article or revising it for critically important intellectual content; (3) Final approval of the version to be published.

Scope and content

WJEM publishes the following categories of articles involving different areas of emergency medicine:


    • Editorials: The purpose of the editorials is to provide readers with a balanced overwiew of relevant and up to date topics concerning emergency medicine. The length of an editorial should be limited to 2-3 printed pages including few references, tables, figures and legends if necessary. 

    • Review articles: Review articles include systematic reviews and meta-analysis critically describe the current state of knowledge or practice, and integrate recent advances with accepted principles and practice, or summarize and analyze consensus views of controversial issues in knowledge of research or clinical practice.

    • Original articles: Previously unpublished manuscripts report research or clinical investigations or clinical observations. An original article should consist of around 5-6 printed pages. But there is an exception for invited articles. The topics of this section of articles focus on advances in emergency medicine; pediatric emergency medicine; emergency medicine administration; pharmacotherapy; toxicology; emergency medicine services; community emergency medicine.

    • Short reports: This section is devoted to clinical experience in medical mythology; diagnostic challenge; methodology; tips from the trenches.

    • Continuing education: continuing education about emergency medicine    

    • Case reports: Reports of clinical cases are accepted in a limited number. They should be typed double- spaced, and should be 2-4 printed pages in length including references and no more than three figures.

    Letters to the Editor: This section is devoted to letters to the editor including short communications on significant preliminary clinical data or research development, as well as discussions of topics covered in previously published articles.  Letters to the editor are particularly welcome as they provide a means of open communication among readers. Text should be limited to 500 words, 5 references and 1 figure.

    • Humanity  

    • News and events


WJEM publishes articles in English with high quality content in an easy-to-read format; therefore brevity and active voice are encouraged. Accepted articles will be edited for clarity, brevity and journal style.

Manuscript preparation

Authors should follow the general guidelines set by the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals ( Articles not prepared in accordance with these guidelines including those about style or format will be rejected. For grammar, style, and punctuation, WJEM uses Manual of Style prepared by the American Medical Association (


Manuscripts should be double-spaced from title page to the list of references. Authors are asked to use a consistent 12-point font of the text of manuscript, with right margins unjustified. The pages of the manuscript should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the title page, and a running title is required. The manuscript must include the following parts:



Title page

Title page should include the title of the article, authors' name(s) and the affiliations of the authors. The name, address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address for the corresponding author should be provided in addition to a word count. All papers must include a statement on a sheet of paper or on the title page declaring whether the authors have financial or other conflicts of interest related to the submitted article. If there are conflicts, they must be described clearly.



Abstracts and key words

Structured abstracts should be prepared in sections of Background, Methods, Results, Conclusions with up to 250 words for original research articles, and Background, Data  resources, Results, Conclusions for systematic review articles and meta-analyses. Case reports should also include a structured abstract or an unstructured abstract of 150-200 words that summarizes the problem or objective, the main points, and the conclusions of the article. Abstracts are not required for editorials, controversies and commentaries, book reviews, news items, writings of humanity or other reporting. Below the abstract, authors should provide a list of three to six key words form the Medical Subject Headings of the Index Medicus.



Ethical considerations

The chief editor of the journal is responsible for establishing the highest possible standards of the journal, as well as for maintaining its integrity. The final responsibility rests with the authors, not with the journal, its editor. The chief editor and the editorial board are primarily responsible for ensuring a fair review process and will give unbiased consideration to all submitted manuscripts. The statements and opinions contained in the articles published in the WJEM are solely those of the individual authors and contributors. For studies involving human subjects, the Methods section should specify the nature of the patient consent that was obtained at the time of enrolment. Authors must clarify that an appropriate ethics committee or investigational review board approved the research. In short, the studies must comply with the Declaration of Helsinki ( Studies using animals must conform to the laws of the country where the research was performed.



Conflict of interest  

All manuscripts must state whether any authors have proprietary interest or not. At the time of submission of a manuscript the authors should present a signed financial disclosure form, indicating any financial interests or potential conflicts of interest relating to the manuscript.



Abbreviations and SI units

WJEM uses only standard abbreviations. The full term for which an abbreviation stands for should be reported before its first use in the main text. SI units should be adopted in the description of research results in all articles submitted to the journal and should also be indicated for symbols.




Each table should be typed on a separate sheet, double spaced. As a general role, tables should not unnecessarily offer duplicate information offered in the text. Don’t format tables by dividing the text in columns or by using tabs. Don’t submit tables as Figures. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Roman numerals by order of citation in the main text. Each table must include title (e.g. Table 1), appropriate column headings and explanatory legends, including definitions of any abbreviation used. References used within tables should appear as footnotes in the table legend. These references should not be repeated in the reference section unless they are also cited in the main text.  Identify statistical measures of variations, such as SD and SEM.




Figures must be submitted as individual files. They should be cited consecutively in the text and numbered in the order in which they are discussed. If figures are not submitted in a high enough resolution for publishing, they will be returned to the authors for technical revision. When a patient is identifiable in a photograph, the author or authors must supply the journal with evidence of the patient’s permission to publish the photograph.  If a figure has been published elsewhere, authors should acknowledge the original source and submit to the editor written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material.  Permission is required, regardless of authorship or publisher, except for documents in the public domain.




Legends to figures and illustrations should be typed double-spaced, starting on a separate page with Arabic numerals corresponding to the Figures. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the figure, identify and explain each one of them clearly in the legends.




The references cited in the text should include only those that are important and have been reviewed by authors. The authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the references and for correct citation in the text. When listing references the names of journals should be abbreviated according to the style of PubMed (List all authors and/or editors up to 6; if more than 6, list the first 6 and et al). All references should be accompanied with PMID roots in the abstract serial number indexed by PubMed ( The references should be marked in the text by superscript numbers in the order of their appearance. The list of references at the end of the text should be in this numerical order. If a manuscript not meeting these requirements is submitted, it will be rejected without review, with a note reiterating the need to follow the instructions for format. Once it is corrected, the manuscript will enter the normal review process.

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