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 Falls from height: A retrospective analysis

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Kasim Turgut1, Mehmet Ediz Sarihan2, Cemil Colak3, Taner Güven2, Ali Gür2, Sükrü Gürbüz2

 

1 Department of Emergency Medicine, Education and Research Hospital, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey

 

2 Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey

 

3 Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, School of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey

 

Corresponding Author: Kasim Turgut, Email: kasimturgut@yahoo.com

 

© 2018 World Journal of Emergency Medicine

 

DOI: 10.5847/wjem.j.1920–8642.2018.01.007

 

BACKGROUND: Emergency services manage trauma patients frequently and falls from height comprise the main cause of emergency service admissions. In this study, we aimed to analyse the demographic characteristics of falls from height and their relationship to the mortality.

METHODS: A total of 460 patients, who admitted to the Emergency Department of Inonu University between November 2011 and November 2014 with a history of fall from height, were examined retrospectively. Demographic parameters, fall characteristics and their effect to mortality were evaluated statistically.

RESULTS: The study comprised of 292 (63.5%) men and 168 (36.5%) women patients. The mean age of all patients was 27±24.99 years. Twenty-six (5.6%) patients died and the majority of them were in ≥62 years old group. The highest percentage of falls was at 0–5 years age group (28.3%). People fell mainly from 1.1–4 metres(m) level (46.1%). The causes of falls were ordered as unintentional (92.2%), workplace (8.1%) and suicidal (1.7%). Skin and soft tissue injuries (37.4%) were the main traumatic lesions.

CONCLUSION: Age, fall height, fall place, lineer skull fracture, subarachnoidal hemorrhage, cervical fracture, thoracic vertebra fracture and trauma scores had statistically significant effect on mortality. The casualties died because of subarachnoid hemorrhage mostly.

(World J Emerg Med 2018;9(1):46–50)

 

KEY WORDS: Trauma; Falls; Mortality; Emergency medicine

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