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Knowledge, attitude and anxiety pertaining to basic life support and medical emergencies among dental interns in Mangalore City, India

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Vinej Somaraj1, Rekha P Shenoy2, Ganesh Shenoy Panchmal2, Praveen S Jodalli2, Laxminarayan Sonde2, Ravichandra Karkal3


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rajas Dental College & Hospital, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India


2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India


3 Department of Psychiatry, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka 575018, India


Corresponding Author: Vinej Somaraj, Email: v2vinej@gmail.com


© 2017 World Journal of Emergency Medicine


DOI: 10.5847/wjem.j.1920–8642.2017.02.009


BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and anxiety pertaining to basic life support (BLS) and medical emergencies among interns in dental colleges of Mangalore city, Karnataka, India.

METHODS: The study subjects comprised of interns who volunteered from the four dental colleges. The knowledge and attitude of interns were assessed using a 30-item questionnaire prepared based on the Basic Life Support Manual from American Heart Association and the anxiety of interns pertaining to BLS and medical emergencies were assessed using a State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) Questionnaire. Chi-square test was performed on SPSS 21.0 (IBM Statistics, 2012) to determine statistically significant differences (P<0.05) between assessed knowledge and anxiety.

RESULTS: Out of 183 interns, 39.89% had below average knowledge. A total of 123 (67.21%) reported unavailability of professional training. The majority (180, 98.36%) felt the urgent need of training in basic life support procedures. Assessment of stress showed a total of 27.1% participants to be above highstress level. Comparison of assessed knowledge and stress was found to be insignificant (P=0.983).

CONCLUSION: There was an evident lack of knowledge pertaining to the management of medical emergencies among the interns. As oral health care providers moving out to the society, a focus should be placed on the training of dental interns with respect to Basic Life Support procedures.

(World J Emerg Med 2017;8(2):131–135)


KEY WORDS: Basic life support; Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Dental interns; Medical emergencies; State-Trait anxiety inventory

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